CLEIJ ORIENTAL ART
Specializing in Chinese and Japanese porcelain and ceramic works of art from the 17th and 18th century

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Famille Rose

Whereas in many books the start of Famille Rose enamels is placed in the reign of the Chinese emperor Yongzheng (1723-1735), nowadays, it is believed that the first attempts with these enamels were performed during the reign of Kangxi (1662-1722). The Famille Rose enamels were based on chemistry developed in Europe during the 17th century. The transfer of gold into rose, by mixing nitric acid and gold, is first described by Andreas Cassius (a German chemist) in the Dutch city of Leiden in the middle of the 17th century. The second component required for Famille Rose enamels, i.e. white, also did not originate in China. For this a tin based salt was used, which was at the same moment already being used in the Netherlands to provide the white glaze on Delftware. By mixing this salt with the gold derivative, shades of rose were achieved after firing. This procedure was introduced to the Chinese imperial courts by the Jesuits around 1700, and it is generally believed that it was used to enamel copper and undecorated porcelain wares for imperial use. At the end of the reign of Kangxi, the first non-imperial examples left the kilns and these wares became popular with the nobility in Europe. The most famous Yongzheng Famille Rose wares are in the Johanneum collection of Augustus the Strong, who probably had the most extensive Famille Rose collection in Europe at that time. The use of Rose enamels on Chinese export porcelain remained popular throughout the 18th century. Please click on the thumbnail for additional pictures and information about an item.


Chinese Mandarin tea service set
Qianlong, circa 1760
Price upon request
Early Chinese Famille Rose plate with figures
Kangxi, circa 1720
$795
Large Chinese Famille Rose bowl with flowers
Qianlong, circa 1750
$295
Two Famille Rose teacups and saucers
Yongzheng/Qianlong, circa 1740
$435
Chinese Famille Rose plate with tobacco leaves
Qianlong, circa 1740
$395
Chinese Famille Rose plate with peonies
Yongzheng, circa 1730
$495
Chinese Famille Rose teapot with figures
Kangxi/Yongzheng, circa 1720
Price upon request
Large Chinese Famille Rose plate with flowers
Qianlong, circa 1750
$375
Chinese Famille Rose milk jug with deer
Yongzheng, circa 1730
$425
Two Chinese Famille Rose teacups in Meissen style
Qianlong, circa 1760
$135
Chinese Famille Rose dish with peony and rock
Qianlong, circa 1750
$210
Chinese Famille Rose deep plate with European patterns
Qianlong, circa 1780
$295
Fine Chinese Famille Rose cup and saucer
Yongzheng, circa 1730
$595
Chinese Famille Rose teapot with flowers
Qianlong, circa 1740
$595
Chinese Famille Rose milk jug with flowers
Qianlong, circa 1740
$295

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